Cognitive communication disorders are defined as difficulty with any aspect of communication that is affected by disruption of cognition. Included cognitive processes are attention, memory, organization, problem solving/reasoning, and executive functions. Both verbal and non-verbal aspects of communication can be affected including speaking, listening, reading, writing, and social interaction skills. Cognitive communication disorders can affect activities of daily living, academic performance, and work performance.
How are cognitive communication disorders acquired?
Cognitive communication disorders can be present in children or adults who have experienced brain distress. This can include a traumatic brain injury, stroke, genetic disorders, lack of oxygen to the brain, brain tumor, or other brain trauma.
How can speech therapy help?
Therapy for cognitive communication disorders typically involves finding meaningful and effective strategies to help navigate daily routines and activities of daily living. Finding, learning, and becoming proficient with effective strategies is the most impactful way of supporting individuals with cognitive communication disorders achieve the greatest independence possible.