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5 Year Speech and Language Checklist

Cognitive Skills

  • Understands cause and effect, consequences
  • States birthday and address
  • Stays with one activity for 15-20 minutes
  • Uses complicated reasoning
  • Demands increasingly detailed explanation until the adult is unable to answer

Pragmatic Skills

  • Expresses his/her feelings verbally
  • Shows interest in things being funny

Semantic Skills

  • Classifies objects by their form, color, use, or composition, e.g., “You eat with a fork.” “A fork is made of metal.”
  • Knows concepts “more” and “less”
  • Describes person, place, or thing using attributes
  • Names a time of day associated with an activity
  • Recites days of the week and names “penny,” “nickle” and “dime”
  • Understands and uses more words than you can count (uses 2000; understands 6000), and continues to ask the meaning of new words

Phonetic Skills

  • Uses all speech sounds correctly with the possible exception of /r/

Syntactic Skills

  • Relates fanciful stories
  • Answers questions about a story and its plot
  • Comprehends all question types including “How many”
  • Comprehends complex questions related to remote elements
  • Uses a sentence length of six to eight words
  • Uses grammatically correct sentences. Can use complex verbs such as “could have been,” “will be going,” etc.

If your child is not showing the above speech, language, and related skills, a consultation is recommended with a licensed speech and language pathologist who can provide you with suggestions which may prevent a communication problem from developing, determine if a screening test or in-depth diagnostic testing is needed at this time, and/or provide you with possible funding sources if treatment is needed.