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30 Month Speech and Language Checklist

Cognitive Skills

  • Matches colors and shapes
  • Matches objects to pictures
  • Does simple counting
  • Parallel plays
  • Talks to self

Pragmatic Skills

  • Uses verbal language as his/her primary means of expression
  • Uses speech to be social
  • Has a conversation involving two to three exchanges with a listener
  • Talks about immediate experiences, e.g.,”Billy push car”

Semantic Skills

  • Identifies a minimum of two body parts from a picture, self, doll, or person
  • Identifies many pictures in a picture book
  • Identifies objects by use, e.g., “Which one do we drink out of? Sleep in? Sit on?”
  • Understands the concept of “one” and “one more”
  • Names pictures that show actions
  • Has a vocabulary of 200-300 words
  • Refers to self by name, e.g.,”Jamie go”

Phonetic Skills

  • Uses speech which is clear enough for strangers to understand 75% of the time
  • Uses /m/,/n/, /p/, /ng/, /w/, correctly in speech
  • May delete parts of word-initial clusters, e.g., blue ->[bu]; school -> [ku]
  • May produce /s/,/z/,/sh/ as [t] or [d], e.g., sun -> [tun]
  • May produce back throat consonants in the front of the mouth, e.g., car -> [ta]

Syntactic Skills

  • Uses two to three word sentences
  • Uses speech which is telegraphic yet functional, using key words (nouns and verbs) to convey needs
  • Consistently follows two-part commands, e.g.,”Get mommy a diaper”
  • Understands instructions involving pronouns, e.g. “I want a cup.” “Show me my cup,” “your cup,” ” mine”
  • Asks simple questions “What doing?”
  • Recites portions of nursery rhymes
  • Answers “Who,” “What” and “Why” questions
  • Uses one or more personal pronouns, although not always correctly (“Me push car”)

If your child is not showing the above speech, language, and related skills, a consultation is recommended with a licensed speech and language pathologist who can provide you with suggestions which may prevent a communication problem from developing, determine if a screening test or in-depth diagnostic testing is needed at this time, and/or provide you with possible funding sources if treatment is needed.