It seems you're using an unsafe, out-of-date browser. CLOSE(X)

3 Year Speech and Language Checklist

Cognitive Skills

  • Knows his/her last name, sex, name of street on which he/she lives, and parts of several nursery rhymes
  • Stays with one activity for eight or nine minutes
  • Sings songs

Pragmatic Skills

  • Enjoys speaking without avoidance or embarrassment
  • Uses language as a tool
  • Takes turns in conversation
  • Maintains topic

Semantic Skills

  • Understands concepts of “one,” “many,” “big,” “little,” “same,” “different,” “empty,” “full,” “clean,” “dirty,” etc.
  • Understands concepts of time such as “night” and “day”
  • Uses words to relate observations, ideas and relationships
  • Exhibits an expanding vocabulary of up to 900 words

Phonetic Skills

  • Produces speech which is 90% understandable
  • Produces most consonant sounds correctly
  • Includes final consonants on words, e.g., hat duck; may delete weak syllables, e.g., [efant] for elephant
  • Only occasionally repeats or hesitates as in “ma-ma-ma-mom”

Syntactic Skills

  • Obeys prepositional phrases such as “put the block under the chair” and follows two-part commands, e.g.,”put the doll in the bed”
  • Understands and uses plurals, e.g., “blocks,” “dogs;” pronouns, e.g., “I, me, you, he, she, it, him, her;” and possessives, e.g., “girl’s”
  • Retells a story or relates an idea to someone using short simple sentences.
  • Uses three to five word sentences
  • Asks simple questions, e.g., “What + doing?”, “Where?”, “Who?”
  • Uses “because” to join two sentences

If your child is not showing the above speech, language, and related skills, a consultation is recommended with a licensed speech and language pathologist who can provide you with suggestions which may prevent a communication problem from developing, determine if a screening test or in-depth diagnostic testing is needed at this time, and/or provide you with possible funding sources if treatment is needed.