3 Year Speech and Language Checklist
- Knows his/her last name, sex, name of street on which he/she lives, and parts of several nursery rhymes
- Stays with one activity for eight or nine minutes
- Sings songs
- Enjoys speaking without avoidance or embarrassment
- Uses language as a tool
- Takes turns in conversation
- Maintains topic
- Understands concepts of “one,” “many,” “big,” “little,” “same,” “different,” “empty,” “full,” “clean,” “dirty,” etc.
- Understands concepts of time such as “night” and “day”
- Uses words to relate observations, ideas and relationships
- Exhibits an expanding vocabulary of up to 900 words
- Produces speech which is 90% understandable
- Produces most consonant sounds correctly
- Includes final consonants on words, e.g., hat duck; may delete weak syllables, e.g., [efant] for elephant
- Only occasionally repeats or hesitates as in “ma-ma-ma-mom”
- Obeys prepositional phrases such as “put the block under the chair” and follows two-part commands, e.g.,”put the doll in the bed”
- Understands and uses plurals, e.g., “blocks,” “dogs;” pronouns, e.g., “I, me, you, he, she, it, him, her;” and possessives, e.g., “girl’s”
- Retells a story or relates an idea to someone using short simple sentences.
- Uses three to five word sentences
- Asks simple questions, e.g., “What + doing?”, “Where?”, “Who?”
- Uses “because” to join two sentences
If your child is not showing the above speech, language, and related skills, a consultation is recommended with a licensed speech and language pathologist who can provide you with suggestions which may prevent a communication problem from developing, determine if a screening test or in-depth diagnostic testing is needed at this time, and/or provide you with possible funding sources if treatment is needed.