Small Communication Changes, Great Results
Children diagnosed with receptive and expressive language delays frequently miss the subtle communication cues in their communication interactions with others. They often need additional support to take notice of those changes in their environment and to expand their communication skills. Supportive adults can offer the assistance these children need by changing their communicative habits.
By practicing the following changes in our style of communication, many children diagnosed with receptive and expressive language delays may increase their language and social skills, peer interactions, expand play skills, and follow directions with greater confidence.
To increase social interaction and gain eye contact with your child, remember to kneel down to his/ her eye level. Face-to-face eye contact allows your child to see your whole face, imitate facial expressions, and respond to your verbal directions. This position also gives you an opportunity to put your arm around your child’s waist to face him toward you, touch his/her shoulders to gain attention or model hand gestures with hand-over-hand assistance.
Tone of voice
Your child might be sensitive to the pitch and tone of your voice. If your child covers his ears, winces, or looks away when you speak to him, practice lowering your tone of voice to a moderate level. When you are at your child’s eye level, speak slowly and clearly. Use visual aids to enhance communication. For example; tap on the chair and say “Sit in the chair,” or show an item or a picture of where you want your child to go.
Exaggerated facial expressions/hand gestures
If your child does not imitate your facial expressions and hand gestures, practice exaggerating your face and hand movements as a model. For example, when your child sees you from across the room, make a large happy face and big eyes. Wave your hands in a large swooping motion, as opposed to wiggling your fingers in tight/small motions. A person standing next to your child can help him/her respond by assisting to wave back in the same fashion. Exaggerated facial expressions and hand gestures allow your child to feel the sensation of movement and encourage muscle memory, which promotes communication.
Avoid speaking to your child when his back is to you. Often, children have difficulty filtering out the sounds in a room and distinguishing a parent’s voice at the same time. Try moving close to your child and mirroring his position before speaking to him. For example, if your child is on the floor playing with cars, join him on the floor. Gain his eye contact by bringing a toy to the side of your face, then speak to him.
When asking your child to follow directions, remember to keep your child’s motivation in mind. She may not prefer to put on her shoes, for example. But if she wants to go to the park, incorporate that as a reward in a two-step direction. For example “First, put on your shoes. Then, we will go to the park.” A simpler version could be “First, shoes. Then, park.”
Do you need more support in knowing what changes you can make in your communication to help support your child? Contact us to find out how we can further assist you.